Specific Learning Disorder (SLD)



Specific Learning Disorder (SLD) is one or more psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken, or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write spell or do mathematical calculations. SLD does not include visual hearing, motor disabilities, intellectual disability, emotional or environmental problems (American Psychiatric Association, 2018). SLD is a neurodevelopmental disorder that begins during school-age, although may not be recognized until adulthood. Research shows that 5 to 15 percent of school-age children struggle with a learning disorder. Having a learning disorder means that a child has difficulty in one or more areas of learning, even when overall intelligence or motivation is not affected (American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA), 2020)

Your group chose Developmental Aphasia which is a severe language disorder of the brain rather than developmental delay in the normal acquisition of language. DA results from damage to the parts of the brain that produce, and process language (Cleveland Clinic, 2019) A comprehensive assessment is needed to assess the patient for speech, language, swallowing, and cognition to determine the best treatment option. The most recommended treatment for DA is speech and language therapy to rehabilitate their language skills and supplement their experiences (ASHA, 2021). DA aims to improve the person’s ability to communicate by restoring as much language as possible and teaching how to make up for lost language skills. The earlier the therapy begins the better chances of recovery. Group therapy is also effective as patients with aphasia try out their communication skills in a safe environment. Using computer-assisted therapy also show a positive result in helping the child relearn verbs and word sounds. Medications and brain stimulation has been used to enhance brain recovery ability and improve the ability to name things (ASHA, 2021)


American Psychiatric Association. (2018). What is Specific Learning Disorder? Retrieved from https://www.psychiatry.org/patients-families/specific-learning-disorder/what-is-specific-learning-disorder.

American Speech-language-Hearing Association. (2021). Aphasia. Retrieved from https://www.asha.org/practice-portal/clinical-topics/aphasia/.

Cleveland Clinic. (2019). Aphasia. Retrieved from https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/5502-aphasia.