Instructions: Your initial post should be at least 500 words

Our readings this week concern the question of why states adopt human rights treaties and join human rights  organizations. We also learn about NGOs and transnational advocacy networks, and the challenges they face. Please compose a post that addresses each of the following questions with real life experiences.

  1. How do we determine whether human rights IOs are effective?
  2. Which types are most effective: human rights treaties, NGOs, or transnational advocacy networks?

I look forward to reading your posts and providing feedback on the discussions.

Reading for this week discussion:

Benjamin, Dave. 2009. “Protecting the Protectors: NGO Action and the Responsibility to Protect.” International Journal on World Peace 26(1): 31-50.

EBSCO: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=38018234&site=ehost-live

ProQuest: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/219267315?accountid=8289

Hathaway, Oona. 2007. “Why Do Countries Commit to Human Rights Treaties?” Journal of Conflict Resolution 51(4): 588-621.

JSTOR: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/27638567

ProQuest: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/224556193?accountid=8289

Keck, Margaret and Kathryn Sikkink. 1998. “Chapter 1: Transnational Advocacy Networks in International Politics: Introduction.” In Activists beyond Borders: Advocacy Networks in International Politics. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 1998. Pages 1-38.


Meernik, James, Rosa Aloisi, Marsha Sowell, and Angela Nichols. 2012. “The Impact of Human Rights Organizations on Naming and Shaming Campaigns”. The Journal of Conflict Resolution 56 (2): 233–56. JSTOR:

JSTOR: http://www.jstor.org.ezproxy1.apus.edu/stable/pdf/23248496.pdf?acceptTC=true

Schneider, Christina. 2011. “Weak States and Institutionalized Bargaining Power in International Organizations.” International Studies Quarterly 55(2): 331-355.

EBSCO: http://search.ebscohost.com.ezproxy2.apus.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=tsh&AN=61036653&site=ehost-live&scope=site.

Wotipka, C M. and K. Tsutsui. 2008. “Global Human Rights and State Sovereignty: Nation-States’ Ratifications of International Human Rights Treaties,  1965-2001.” Sociological Forum 23(4): 724-754.

EBSCO: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=35035125&site=ehost-live

JSTOR: http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://www.jstor.org/stable/40210388

Get familiar with the core international human rights instruments (including the main treaties), as listed by the United Nations Office of the High  Commissioner for Human Rights. Please click here to access the interactive website  for more specific information on each instrument.

Click on the link below to familiarize yourself with many international human rights NGOs and transnational human rights networks: