Throughout the course, students will conduct research on instruments that are currently used to measure a particular construct, develop a new instrument to measure that construct, administer the instrument to participants, and report on data arising from those administrations. . Students are free to select any construct of their interest, such as some ability, a personality construct, or any kind of attitude or belief.
Over the six-week course, students will select a construct of interest (such as depression, anxiety, job satisfaction, etc.), conduct research on other popular instruments used to measure the same or similar construct, develop a 12-15 item instrument, administer the instrument to 3-5 participants, discuss the methods used to administer the instrument, provide a strengths and weaknesses/limitation section regarding the development of the instrument, and discuss ways to increase the reliability and validity of the instrument.
This assignment is the second step toward completing your Final Test Development Proposal in Week 6. Using your construct of interest from Week 1 and building upon the instruments and information you found in Step One (Week 1), develop a 7-8 page literature review (not including the title page, abstract, and references page) on your construct of interest and the 5-7 instruments used to assess it. Thus, the literature review should explain your construct of interest thoroughly, as well as provide thorough reviews of the 5-7 instruments used to measure it. This is slightly different from other literature reviews, whereby the idea is to review and critique the study and findings. For this literature review you are not reviewing the study but rather are reviewing and critiquing the instrument based on what studies and other researchers have found. The idea here is to review the instrument and its usefulness in measuring your construct. Thus, what does the instrument measure, how reliable and valid is it, and what are its strengths and weaknesses? What is lacking in the instrument which paves the way for the necessity of your newly developed instrument? How are these instruments different from what you will develop?
Use the Forbush, Wildes, Pollack, Dunbar, Patterson and Watson (2013) Development and validation of the Eating Pathology Symptoms Inventory (EPSI) and the O’Neill, and Sevastos (2013) The development and validation of a new multidimensional Job Insecurity Measure (JIM): An inductive methodology articles for examples of how to conduct literature reviews of current or previous instruments/tests.
Use 5-7 scholarly resources, including mostly research studies and articles related to your construct and the instruments used to measure it. Information should be drawn from appropriate sources, such as professional journals, test publisher websites, and dissertations. Information gathered from sources must be appropriately cited, following APA guidelines.
Please be sure to include the following in your literature review:
- A discussion of your construct of interest.
- A thorough discussion of each instrument you review for your construct, including the name of the test, what the test is used for, whether the test is appropriate for this area, what the reliability and validity of the test is, and what reviewers say about the strengths and weaknesses of it with regard to assessing this construct
- What, in general, appears to be adequately assessed on each test with respect to the construct that you selected?
- What does not appear to be adequately assessed?
Your literature review should justify your development of an assessment—is there a hole in what is currently being assessed that you can fill with your test? Make a case for why your proposed test would address an area that is not already well assessed.